Author of the picture: Gunnar Bach Pedersen

Pella, Macedon, July 20/21, 356 BC-Babylon, June10/11, 323 BC

Alexander III of Macedon, later known as Alexander the Great, was a Macedonian ruler and conqueror whose military achievements have made him become one of the most admired heroes.

He was educated by the philosopher Aristotle and crowned the King of Macedon at the age of 20, inheriting a powerful kingdom and a loyal and experienced army.  From there on, he dedicated himself to reasserting its power and extending its domain beyond Greece.

He invaded the first Persian Empire and led his army across Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt, advancing on three continents and remaining unbeaten in all battles.  In 331 B.C., he experienced his greatest victory in the Battle of Gaugamela and before the age of 30, he became the King of Persia, Babylon and Asia.  He founded more than 70 cities, many of them baptized “Alexandria.”

Alexander the Great joined forces to unite each of the cultures subjected, creating during a little over a decade an empire that stretched over 2 million square kilometers and was unified commercially, culturally and linguistically.

He died due to unclear circumstances.  He is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of history and many of his strategies are still applied in military education today.  After his death, the Hellenistic period began.