Author of the painting: George Richmond

Shrewsbury, England, February 12, 1809-Downe, England, April 19, 1882

Charles Robert Darwin was a scientist who revolutionized the conception of nature with his work titled The Origin of Species, which laid the foundations of the theory of evolution.

Charles Darwin / Author: Julia Margaret Cameron

Charles Darwin / Author: Julia Margaret Cameron

This British naturalist from a young age embarked aboard the HMS Beagle to accompany an expedition under Captain Robert Fitzroy. He took this journey of five years to collect a variety of specimens coming from islands and other territories, and to observe the geological features of the land. He was especially interested in the Pacific Islands, and in the Galapagos Islands he discovered differences in the breaks of finches.

In 1839 he published The Voyage of the Beagle, based on his experience on board the ship and in the same year he became a member of the Royal Society of London. In 1853 his work on barnacles earned him the Royal Medal of the Royal Society. However, his most famous work is The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, a book from 1859 that marked the turning point in biology. In it, Darwin proposed that the evolution of species is produced by a process of natural selection.

Darwin spent several years in his theory of evolution, which has been much discussed since it contradicts the dogma of the Church. However evidence has been found support his ideas, so he remains in an important place in the annals of history and science.