Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill
Gori, Russian Empire, December 18, 1878-Moscow, USSR, March 5, 1953
The figure of Joseph Stalin is subject to numerous interpretations. He was a Soviet leader and dictator who ruled the Soviet Union after the death of Vladimir Lenin. In his youth he joined the Bolsheviks and excelled as an intelligent and calculating activist. This earned him rapid promotion in Soviet politics and in 1922, he was appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party, a fact that allowed him to gradually increase his power.
After the death of Lenin he expanded his powers and took control of the party. He challenged the ideologies of Leon Trotsky and was a supporter of socialism in just one country. He ordered the execution of his opponents, former members of the Red Army accused of conspiracy and even Trotsky. In the late 1920s, he was the supreme ruler of the Soviet Union.
During his government, he promoted industrialization and collectivization of land, but this caused a massive famine in which millions of people died. The USSR was part of the Allies in World War II while under his command, the Red Army contributed to the defeat of Germany and Hitler’s suicide.
After the war, he consolidated his leading figure and directed a territory considered as a world power. Even in 1945 and 1948 he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. His dictatorial regime has been controversial, and while many people regard him as a cruel tyrant, others think he was an effective ruler.