Mao Zedong and President Nixon.
Shaoshan, China, December 26, 1893-Beijing, China, September 9, 1976
Mao Zedong was a Chinese politician of communist ideology that became the founder of the People’s Republic of China and therefore the maximum leader of his country. His figure is controversial because he has been considered a good leader as well as a genocide.
During his youth he was in contact with socialist ideas, especially inspired by Marxism-Leninism. Later he became part of the Chinese Communist Party and after a civil war and a series of disputes with the nationalist party then in power, the Communists were victorious.
Mao proclaimed the People’s Republic of China in 1949 and adapted communism to Chinese society collectivizing industry and agriculture. This adaptation is called “Maoism”. He promoted the cult of personality, which involved the construction of a messianic image in society. In 1958, he established the “Great Leap Forward”, a policy of mass mobilization of labor whose aim was to improve agricultural and industrial production, but that resulted in the Great Famine with consequent death of millions.
When his popularity began to decay, he established the Cultural Revolution, which lasted from 1966-1976. This policy attempted to revive the communist ideal and remove all traces of bourgeois elements considered enemies of China, although part of the cultural heritage of the nation was affected .
After Mao’s death a number of errors in his government were detected that contributed to the last mass mortality of the Chinese, although he is recognized as a great political and military strategist.