Woodstock, England, November 30, 1874-London, England, January 24, 1965
Sir Winston Churchill was a British politician and statesman, twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. For his work in the direction of his country during World War II, he is regarded in many places as a hero.
After spending some time in the Army, he was introduced to politics as a candidate for the Oldham district in 1900; at 26 he had already published five books. In 1904 he joined the Liberal Party and in 1905 was appointed undersecretary of the Ministry of the Colonies.
In 1911, Churchill became First Lord of the Admiralty and made some upgrades to the British Navy, he ordered the construction of new warships and established the Royal Naval Air Service. In 1917 he was appointed Minister of Munitions. In an attempt to improve the course of the First World War, he proposed the invasion of the Gallipoli peninsula with disastrous results and the reason why he left the Admiralty.
He returned to government positions in 1917 and between 1924 and 1929 he was Minister of Finance. With the rise to power of the Nazis, Churchill spent time warning of this danger and the need for British rearmament, but his colleagues ignored him. In 1940, he was appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
During his tenure, marked by the period of the Second World War, he became the symbol of the nation and impressed with many of his inspiring speeches and his refusal to surrender to Nazi Germany. He worked hard and became undisputed leader in Britain.
After the war he warned about the dangers of Soviet expansionism, visible in his speech “Iron Curtain”. In 1951 he became Prime Minister, a position from which he retired in 1955 after working for improvements in the mines. In 1953 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature and Queen Elizabeth II named him a Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter.
At his death, the country was plunged into a week of mourning.