Branau am Inn, Austria-Hungary, April 20, 1889-Berlin, Germany, April 30, 1945
Adolf Hitler is known worldwide as the leader of Nazi Germany and a genocide that caused the death of some 5.5 million Jews. In his youth, he earned a living as a painter in Vienna, where he came up with some of his ideologies.
He participated actively in World War I and was imprisoned for nine months due to his involvement in an armed uprising. During his time in jail, he wrote Mein Kampf, a work that links his autobiography with the exposure of his anti-Semitic and nationalist principles.
After joining the German Nazi Party, he became the Chancellor of Germany in 1933, taking dictatorial powers thanks to his ability as a speaker and his leadership capability. Eventually, he acquired the positions Head of State and Head of Government. His government was marked by the improvement of the German economy, momentum of civil Works and nationalist propaganda.
He was a staunch anti-Semite who proclaimed the superiority of the Aryan race. He instituted anti-Jewish laws, the concepts of racial hygiene and the practice of Eugenics. He punished all opposition and his aggressive foreign policy contributed to the start of World War II in 1939.
During the war, he authorized the massive killing of Jewish, Jehovah’s Witness, Polish, gypsy, homosexual, mentally ill and other groups of people “unfit” for the development of Aryan purity. Many more were sent to concentration camps and were forced to work until their death.
By 1944, the Germans were losing the war. With Soviet troops moving in on him in Berlin, Hitler committed suicide in his bunker to avoid being captured. His death left behind a devastated country and the memory of one of the darkest chapters of mankind’s history.