Albert Einstein receiving from Judge Phillip Forman his certificate of American citizenship. / Author New York World-Telegram and the Sun staff photographer: Al Aumuller.
Ulm, German Empire, March 14, 1879-Princeton, United States, April 18, 1955
Albert Einstein was consolidated as one of the most important scientists of the twentieth century because of his contributions to physical science. His most prominent work is the Theory of Relativity.
In 1905 he received a doctorate from the University of Zurich. This year is called “Miraculous Einstein Year” since he produced four significant and innovative works on the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion, the special theory of relativity and the equivalence of mass and energy, represented by the equation E = mc2.
During the following years he taught as professor of Theoretical Physics until in 1916 he published his Theory of General Relativity. In 1921 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the photoelectric effect and his contributions in the field of theoretical physics, and in 1925 he won the Copley Medal of the Royal Society of London.
In 1933 he moved to America and began teaching at the Institute for Advanced Study (IAS) in Princeton. He became engrossed with the unified field theory and in a series of private discussions with Niehls Bohr. From 1945 he worked at the union of quantum theory with his theory of general relativity and on topics related will the existence of black holes, the ability to travel through time and the creation of the universe.
During his life he was a pacifist, although he encouraged the use of uranium to create a nuclear bomb. In 1952 he was offered the presidency of Israel, which he politely declined. Albert Einstein was one of the few famous scientists in popular culture.