Qufu, State of Lu, 28 September 551 B.C.-State Lu, 479 B.C.
Confucius was a Chinese philosopher and teacher whose teachings are of great current importance, since they contributed to culture through the creation of Confucianism, a doctrine of moral precepts that governed a large part of Chinese civilization.
He grew up in an era of ideological crisis and moral decay. Got several positions as minister and in 501 B.C. he served as governor of a town. His political thinking was dominated by the belief of submission of people to the will of the ruler, with the proviso that the latter would lead based on moral rectitude and in example to his people. He developed many aphorisms, of which he highlights a golden rule: “What you don’t want for you, don’t do to others.”
He developed his ideas based on traditional values to set academic standards, and focused his philosophy on the principle of ren, i.e., to love others. He created ethical standards for family and social interaction. During the reign of Emperor Wudi, Confucianism became the official philosophy category.
His teachings were collected in The four books, cardinal works of Confucianism including Analects, the most famous. He’s the most influential of Chinese philosophers and even today Confucianism is spread across many parts of East Asia. It is believed that his ideology influenced the European Enlightenment thinkers.