Dulun-Boldak, Mongolia, c. 1162-Yinchuan, China, August 18, 1227
Genghis Khan was a Mongol leader and warrior whose original name “Temujin” famous today by the knowledge of his military genius that enabled him to conquer vast Asian territories.
Due to the poverty suffered in his youth, Temujin used alliances and building a reputation as a fierce warrior, to ascend to power to form his own army of over 20,000 men. It united the Mongol tribes, executed the leaders of his enemies and incorporated members from other tribes to his army.
Among other issues under his mandate he ordered the establishment of a writing system, allowed freedom of worship, removed hereditary aristocratic titles and banned the sale and abduction of women and slavery of the Mongols. Great military strategist, implemented a spy network, perfectly equipped his warriors and adopted warfare techniques from enemy villages.
In 1209 he forced the surrender of the kingdom of Xi Xia and in 1211 he began to attack the territories of the Jin Dynasty, and then besieging and looted the city of Zhongdou. To his achievements the domains of Tatars, Kyrgyz and several more were added. In 1219, the challenge of leading the Chorasmian Empire caused the mass slaughter of the population and the end of the Khwarezm dynasty.
In 1225, his dominions stretching from the Sea of Japan to the Caspian Sea. He became the man who conquered more land at the time and very nearly began to venture into Europe. Thanks to his work of unification, the Mongols called him Genghis Khan, meaning “universal ruler” or “the best steel”.