Woolsthorpe, England, December 25, 1642-Kensington, England, March 31, 1727
Isaac Newton was a physicist and mathematician, and one of the most brilliant minds alive in England during the seventeenth century. He stood out since childhood as an individual of great mental acuity and developed several inventions like sundials and windmills.
In 1661 he was admitted to the University of Cambridge and graduated from Trinity College. He completed his education by reading numerous philosophical, mathematical and astronomical studies and expanded ideas on optics and mathematics. In 1665 he developed the binomial theorem based on the calculation of “fluxions” and the construction of his reflector telescope put him in the crosshairs of the Royal Society of London, organization that made him a member in 1672. Later he became the President.
In 1687 he published one of the greatest scientific works: Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, which included his now famous Law of Universal Gravitation and the Laws of Motion. In 1704 he published Opticks, which contains studies of light and color.
He published other works on theology, history and even alchemy. His works include Arithmetica Universalis, The chronology of Ancient Kingdoms, The Methods of Fluxions and Queries. He was also Member of Parliament for the University of Cambridge and director of the Royal Mint in London. In 1705 he was knighted for his contributions to science.
He’s one of the central figures of the Scientific Revolution and his laws are still in force in science and education.