Trier, Kingdom of Prussia, May 5, 1818-London, England, March 14, 1883

Karl Heinrich Marx was a socialist revolutionary who has transcended as one of the most influential figures of the twentieth century. His writings and thoughts were the theoretical basis of communism implemented in several countries.

Karl Marx with his daughter Jenny 1864

Karl Marx with his daughter Jenny 1864

From early radical ideologies, while at the Humboldt University of Berlin he joined a group called “Hegelian Youth” composed then by critical intellectuals of society. During his stay in Paris he befriended Friedrich Engels, he reaffirmed his radicalism, worked as a journalist and worked in the newspaper French German Annals (Deutsch-französische Jahrbücher), but his anti-capitalist ideas prevented him from obtaining secure jobs.

He was expelled from France and had to move to Brussels, where he introduced socialism, founded the League of Communists and published along with Engels The Communist Manifesto (1848), a pamphlet that claimed the class struggle throughout human history and predicting the rise of the working class. In London he continued working as a journalist and developed economic theories, publishing in 1867 the first volume of his masterpiece The Capital, he considered capitalism as a system of destruction and communism as the next triumphant system.

The set of ideas about society, politics and economy conform Marxism, whose concepts influenced the creation of theoretical variants that were implemented by some political leaders in the twentieth century.