Author of the painting: Marcello Venusti
Caprese, Republic of Florence, March 6, 1475-Rome, Papal States, February 18, 1564
Michelangelo Buonarroti was a noted sculptor, painter, architect, engineer and poet, who was called “The Divine.” It is one of the representative artists of the Italian Renaissance, developed from a very small age a taste and a prodigious ability for the arts and especially sculpture.
He carved his most famous works, the Pietà and David, before his 30th birthday. the Pietà was created between 1498 and 1499 and depicts the Virgin Mary holding the body of Jesus. However, his most memorable work is David, a statue carved from a damaged block of marble that he made during 1501-1504. This work demonstrated his skill and a perfectionism that earned him numerous art commissions from important Italian figures.
In 1505 Pope Julius II commissioned Michelangelo’s decoration of the vault of the Sistine Chapel, and the artist focused on creating the scenes from Genesis, combining Christian symbols and humanist ideologies. The result was an extraordinary work that catapulted him as the greatest artist of Italy. In 1534, he was again asked to represent the Last Judgment on the altar wall of the enclosure.
After 1546 he was mainly occupied in architecture and was appointed chief architect for the project of continuation and modification of the Basilica of San Pedro. He also designed the Medici Chapel and made important contributions to the Laurentian Library.
After his death, he bequeathed to the world a host of masterpieces and his influence came to express itself in western art and later artistic styles, as mannerism.