Author of the painting: George Hayter

London, UK, 24 May 1819-Isle of Wight, UK, January 22, 1901

Alexandrina Victoria, better known as Queen Victoria was monarch of the United Kingdom and Empress of India. Her long reign of 63 years and 7 months marked a period characterized by expansion and economic and industrial development.

She became Queen of the United Kingdom in 1837 after the death of her uncle William IV and since then she became involved in the future of a vast empire. In 1840 she married Albert of Saxony, who exerted a strong influence on her decisions.

While in the throne she saw her direct political power decrease in the country’s affairs, which evolved into a constitutional monarchy. However, she demonstrated authority to mediate peace projects: in 1864 she prevented British intervention in the war between Prussia, Austria and Denmark and in 1875 she used her power to prevent a war between France and Germany. In 1877 she became Empress of India.

Author: Alexander Bassano

Author: Alexander Bassano

She opposed the granting of women’s suffrage but was in favor of the Royal Commission on housing and supported numerous projects in health and education. She witnessed major changes in a matter of technology and industry, during her reign photography was invented, newspapers emerged as a means of mass communication and improvements in transportation were made. She was the first sovereign to travel by train in 1842.

The influence of her name turned the political arena, as her reigning period is known as the Victorian era or period. Some artistic styles and customs of the nineteenth century also acquired such name, that became an adjective.