Egypt, c. 1300 B.C.-Egypt, 1213 B.C.

The most famous Egyptian pharaoh was also called Ramses the Great, who ruled his kingdom for over 60 years. He is especially known for building large monuments often to himself.



He was appointed prince regent after the death of his father, and in 1279 B.C. was crowned pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire, the third of the Nineteenth Dynasty, when he was about 25 years old. He ordered a massive program of construction of buildings, through which the temples of Abu Simbel, his funerary temple Ramesseum and the temple of his wife Nefertari were erected. Later, he founded a new capital for the Empire, the city of Pi Ramesses in the Nile River delta.

He led several battles to reassert Egyptian control over Nubia and Canaanite lands. During the Battle of Quadesh he bravely fought against the Hittites but did not achieve victory. As a result, a peace treaty between two foreign peoples was signed, probably the first of its kind.

His reign was marked by a period of relative peace and prosperity and he turned Egypt into a more powerful country than before he came to power. He’s often associated with the biblical Pharaoh, however, there’s no evidence to support this fact.