London, England, June 8, 1855
Timothy Berners Lee is a computer scientist and software engineer, developer of the popular and widely used World Wide Web. He is currently director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), through which he oversees the web and develops design improvements.
He studied Physics at Oxford University and after graduation he worked as an engineer at Plessey, a telecommunications company until in 1980 he joined the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) as an independent contractor. While working, he proposed for the first time the project of a global system based on the concept of hypertext, allowing sharing and updating information among researchers. He also created a software prototype called ENQUIRE, but only for personal use which laid the foundation of the World Wide Web.
In 1984 he returned to CERN with the help of a scholarship and began working on the development of the FASTBUS system and other tasks. In 1989 he published Information management: a proposal, a document in which he linked the hypertext to the Internet to create a global system of information sharing for public use.
Berners-Lee built the first browser called WorldWideWeb and the first server called httpd, launched online at the CERN in 1991. On August 6 of the same year, the first website in the world came into being with the address http://info.cern.ch and on April 30, 1993, CERN put the World Wide Web in the public domain.
In 1994 he founded the Consortium World Wide Web at the Laboratory for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence of MIT. Since then, he’s been alternating the direction of the W3C to his work as senior research scientist at the Laboratory of Sciences. He has expressed his tendency for neutrality and freedom on the web as well as his rejection of domain ownership.
His contribution opened the way for a new technological where the new mind space develops for that he is known as the “Father of the web”. In 2001 he became a member of the Royal Society of London.