Simbirsk, Russian Empire, April 22, 1870-Gorki, USSR, January 21, 1924

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov adopted the pseudonym “Lenin” in 1901. This name became known worldwide for belonging to the man who built the Soviet Union and led one of the greatest empires of the twentieth century.

He attended law. Before the 1900s he immersed in reading numerous political works and embraced the thought of philosopher Karl Marx. He became a revolutionary man and so was exiled several times. He was one of the founders of the newspaper Iskra, where he recorded his anti-imperialist and communist ideologies.

Lenin 1887

Lenin 1887

After the division of the Social Democratic Labour Party, Lenin became the leader of the Bolshevik block. In 1917 he led the October Revolution, a coup in which the Bolsheviks were victorious and defeated the Tsarist regime. Consequently, Lenin gained control of the country and launched a campaign to eliminate opposition.

His rule was marked by instability and in 1921 civil war broke out. To counter the problem, he ordered the New Economic Policy, which allowed companies and industries to have some capitalistic measures. In 1922 the Soviet Union was born and he was later elected President of the Council of People’s Commissars.

During his last years he established some radical politics and worried by the bureaucratization of the regime. After his death, his body was embalmed and placed in the Red Square in Moscow in memory of the man who was the architect of the USSR and inspiration of communist.