Painter: possibly John Taylor

Stratford-upon-Avon, England,1564-Stratford-upon-Avon, England,April 23 ,1616

William Shakespeare is often referred to as the greatest writer in the English language and the greatest playwright of all time. He was a writer, poet and actor, with a prolific career that earned him prestige during his lifetime, although it is true that after his death his fame and recognition were increased.

Probably he completed basic studies in Stratford. In 1592, he was already in London, he was a playwright and actor and had produced some works. He was also a member of the Lord Chamberlain’s men. Thanks to his performance in writing he attracted the attention of the Earl of Southampton, to whom he dedicated his first two poems: Venus and Adonis and The rape of Lucrece, published in 1593 and 1594.

Most of his work was done between 1589 and 1613. Starting from 1594, he began to write about two writings per year until 1611. His early plays were mainly comedies, like Henry VI, The Merchant of Venice, The Taming of the Shrew and A midsummer night’s dream, but he also begat Romeo and Juliet in his early years as a playwright. After the comedies he wrote his famous tragedies: Othello, King Lear, Macbeth and Hamlet, today considered his best work, in which he captured the timeless and universal human emotions.

Title page of the First Folio, 1623

Title page of the First Folio, 1623

In 1602 he was already an important artist in Elizabethan England, a fact which is evidenced by the description of 1598 from author Francis Meres as “the greatest writer of tragedies and comedies from England.” His works were it published and sold as popular literature. In his final period as a writer, he wrote the tragi CymbelinoThe Winter’s Tale and The Tempest.

The nineteenth century strongly revived Shakespeare’s writings. He is now considered the national poet of England, and is often called “The Bard of Avon”.